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Individual First Ladies
Presidential First Ladies

First Ladies of the United States
(This is by no means an exhaustive bibliography.  Additional resources may be found by clicking on web sites included under each name.)

Martha Dandridge [Curtis] Washington (1731-1802)

Anderson, LaVere and Louis F. Cary. Martha Washington, First Lady of the Land. New York: Chelsea Juniors, 1991.

Marsh, John F. Martha Washington. New York: F. Watts, 1993.

McPherson, Stephanie Sammartino. Martha Washington: First Lady. Springfield, NJ: Enslow Publishers, 1998

Sandak, Cass R. The Washingtons. New York, Toronto: Maxwell Macmillan International, 1991.

Simon, Charnan. Martha Dandridge Custis Washington, 1731-1802. New York: Children's Press, 2000.

Vance, Marguerite and Nedda Walker. Martha, Daughter of Virginia: The Story of Martha Washington. New York: Junior Literary Guild, Dutton, 1947. 

Wagoner, Jean Brown and Leslie Goldstein. Martha Washington, America's First First Lady. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1982.

Wagoner, Jean Brown and Sandra James. Martha Washington, Girl of Old Virginia. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1953.
Waldrop, Ruth W. Martha Washington. [S.l.: s.n.], 1987.

Washington, Martha Dandridge (Custis): Bibliography

Abigail Smith Adams (1744-1818)

Beller, Susan Provost.  Woman of Independence: The Life of Abigail Adams.   White Hall, VA.:  Shoe Tree Press, 1992.

Ching, Jacqueline.  Abigail Adams: A Revolutionary Woman.  New York: PowerPlus Books, 2002.  

Ferris, Jeri, and Ellen Beier.  Remember the Ladies: A Story about Abigail Adams.  Minneapolis: Carolrhoda Books, 2000.

Gelles, Edith Belle. First Thoughts: Life and Letters of Abigail Adams.  New York: Twayne Publishers, 1998.
Kelly, Regina Zimmerman, and Robert Frankenberg.  Abigail Adams: The President's Lady. New York, Houghton Mifflin 1962.

Lee, Susan, John Lee, and George Ulrich.  Abigail Adams.  Chicago: Childrens Press, 1977.  

McCarthy, Pat.  Abigail Adams: First Lady and Patriot.  Berkeley Heights, NJ: Enslow, 2002. 

Meeker, Clare Hodgson.  Partner in Revolution: Abigail Adams.  New York: Benchmark Books, 1998. 

Osborne, Angela.  Abigail Adams.  New York: Chelsea House, 1989.

Peterson, Helen Stone, and Betty Fraser.  Abigail Adams: "Dear Partner."  New York: Chelsea Juniors, 1991.

St. George, Judith.  John & Abigail Adams: An American Love Story.  New York: Holiday House, 2001.

Sabin, Francene, and Yoshi Miyake.  Young Abigail Adams.  [Mahwah,
N.J.]: Troll Associates, 1992.

Sandak, Cass R.  The John Adamses.  New York: Crestwood House, 1992. 

Wagoner, Jean Brown, and James J. Ponter.  Abigail Adams: Girl of Colonial Days. New York: Aladdin Books, 1992. 

Waldrop, Ruth W., and Hurston Holland Hendrix.  Abigail Adams.  Tuscaloosa, AL: Rusk, 1988. 

Wallner, Alexandra.  Abigail Adams.  New York: Holiday House, 2001. 

Adams, Abigail Smith 

Martha Wayles [Skelton] Jefferson (1748-1782)

Jefferson, Martha Wayles (Skelton)

Dolley Payne [Todd] Madison (1768-1849)

Brown, Rita Mae.  Dolley: A Novel of Dolley Madison in Love and War.   New York: Bantam, 1994.

Davidson, Mary Richmond.  Dolly Madison: Famous First Lady.  New
York: Chelsea Juniors, 1991.  

Grant, Matthew G., and Nancy, Inderieden.  Dolley Madison: First Lady of the Land.  [Mankato, Minn]: Creative Education, 1974. 

Klingel, Cynthia Fitterer, and Nancy Inderieden.  Dolley Madison: Beloved First Lady (1768-1849).  [Mankato, Minn.]: Creative Education, 1987.   

Melick, Arden Davis, and Ronald Dorfman.  Dolley Madison, First Lady
New York, Putnam 1970.

Pflueger, Lynda.  Dolley Madison: Courageous First Lady.  Springfield, NJ: Enslow Publishers, 1999. 

Quackenbush, Robert M. James and Dolley Madison and their Times.  New York: Pippin Press, 1992.

Quiri, Patricia Ryon.  Dolley Madison.  New York: F. Watts, 1993. 

Sandak, Cass R.  The Madisons.  New York: Crestwood House, 1992.

Waldrop, Ruth W., and Hurston Holland Hendrix.  Dolley Madison.  
Tuscaloosa, AL: Rusk, 1989.

Madison, Dolley Payne (Todd) (1768-1849) 

Grolier Online, the American Presidency: Dolley Madison.  Grolier Interactive 

Elizabaeth Kortright Monroe (1768-1830)

Sandak, Cass. The Monroes. New York: Crestwood House, 1993.

Monroe, Elizabeth Kortright

Louisa Catherine Johnson Adams (1775-1852)

Heinrichs, Ann. Louisa Catherine Johnson Adams, 1775-1852. New York: Children's Press, 1998.

Adams, Louisa Catherine Johnson
Rachel Donelson [Robards] Jackson (1767-1828)

Sandak, Cass. The Jacksons. New York: Crestwood House, 1992.

Jackson, Rachel Donelson (Robards)
Hannah Hoes Van Buren (1783-1819)

Van Buren, Hannah Hoes

Anna Tuthill Symmes Harrison (1775-1864)

Harrison, Anna Tuthill Symmes
Letitia Christian Tyler (1790-1842)
Tyler, Letitia Christian

Julia Gardiner Tyler (1820-1889)

Tyler, Julia Gardiner

Sarah Childress Polk (1803-1891)

Peterson, Barbara Bennett.  Sarah Childress Polk, First Lady of Tennessee and Washington.  Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science, 2002.
Scott, Susan. Sarah Childress Polk, 1803-1891. New York: Children's Press, 1998.

Polk, Sarah Childress

Margaret Mackall Smith Taylor (1788-1852)
Taylor, Margaret Mackall Smith

Abigail Powers Fillmore (1798-1853) 
Fillmore, Abigail Powers

Jane Means Appleton Pierce (1806-1863)

Kent, Deborah. Jane Means Appleton Pierce. New York: Children's Press, 1998.

Pierce, Jane Means Appleton

Harriet Lane (1830-1903)
Lane, Harriet
(James Buchanan never married.  Harriet Lane served as hostess.)

Mary Todd Lincoln (1818-1882) 

Anderson, LaVere, and Louis F. Cary.  Mary Todd Lincoln, President's Wife. New York:  Chelsea Juniors, 1991.

Collins, David R.  Shattered Dreams:  The Story of Mary Todd Lincoln.  Greensboro: M. Reynolds, 1994.  
Hull, Mary.  Mary Todd Lincoln: Tragic First Lady of the Civil War.  Berkeley Heights, NJ: Enslow Publishers, 2000.

Sandak, Cass R. The Lincolns.  New York:  Crestwood House, 1992. 

Santow, Dan.  Mary Todd Lincoln, 1818-1882.  New York: Children's Press, 1999. 

Wilkie, Katharine Elliott.  Mary Todd Lincoln: Girl of the Bluegrass.  New York: Aladdin Books, 1992.  

Lincoln, Mary Ann Todd (1818-1882) 

Eliza McCardle Johnson (1810-1876)

Johnson, Eliza McCardle

Julia Dent Grant (1826-1902)

Fitz-Gerald, Christine Maloney. Julia Dent Grant, 1826-1902. New York: Children's Press, 1998.

Lucy Ware Webb Hayes (1831-1889)

Hayes, Lucy Ware Webb

Lucretia Rudolph Garfield (1832-1918)

Heinrichs, Ann. Lucretia Rudolph Garfield, 1832-1918. New York: Children's Press, 1998.

Garfield, Lucretia Rudolph

Ellen Lewis Herndon Arthur (1837-1880)

Arthur, Ellen Herndon

Frances Folsom Cleveland (1864-1947)

Sinnott, Susan. Frances Folsom Cleveland, 1864-1947. New York: Children's Press, 1998.

Cleveland, Frances Folsom

Caroline Lavinia Scott Harrison (1858-1948)

Harrison, Caroline Lavinia Scott
Frances Folsom Cleveland (see above)

Ida Saxton McKinley (1847-1907)

McKinley, Ida Saxton

Edith Kermit Carow (1861-1948) 

Feinberg, Barbara Silberdick.  Edith Kermit Carow Roosevelt, 1861-1948.  New York: Children's Press, 1999. 

Roosevelt, Edith Kermit Carow 

Rooservelt, Edith Kermit Carow

Helen Herron Taft (1861-1943)

Sandak, Cass R. The Tafts. New York: Crestwood House, 1993.

Taft, Helen Herron

Ellen Louise Axson Wilson (1860-1914)
Wilson, Ellen Louise Axson
Edith Bolling [Galt] Wilson (1872-1961)

Flanagan, Alice K. Edith Bolling Galt Wilson, 1872-1961. New York: Children's Press, 1998.
Giblin, James. Edith Wilson: The Woman Who Ran the United States. New York: Puffin Books, 1993.

Wilson, Edith Bolling (Galt)

Florence Mabel Kling [DeWolfe] Harding (1860-1924)

Harding, Florence Mabel Kling (DeWolfe)

Grace Anna Goodhue Coolidge (1879-1957)

Coolidge, Grace Anna Goodhue

Lou Henry Hoover (1875-1944)

Mayer, Dale C. "An Uncommon Woman: The Quiet Leadership Style of Lou Henry Hoover." Presidential Studies Quarterly. XX, no. 4, (Fall 1990): 685.

Hoover, Lou Henry

Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (1884-1962) 

Adler, David A.  A Picture Book of Eleanor Roosevelt. New York: Holiday House, 1991.

Beasley, Maurine H.  "Eleanor Roosevelt's Press Conferences: Case Study in Class, Gender, and Race." The Social Science Journal v. 37, no. 4 (2000): 517-28. 

Black, Allida M.  "Championing A Champion: Eleanor Roosevelt and the Marian Anderson Freedom Concert."  Presidential Studies Quarterly XX, no. 4, (Fall 1990): 719. 

Blassingame, Wyatt.  Eleanor Roosevelt. New York: Putnam 1968. 

Davidson, Margaret.  The Story of Eleanor Roosevelt. New York, Four Winds Press 1969. 
Davis, Lucile.  Eleanor Roosevelt: A Photo-Illustrated Biography.  Mankato, Minn.: Bridgestone Books, 1998. 

Eleanor and Franklin.  New York, NY: HBO Video, 1993.

Ellwood, Nancy.  Learning about Integrity from the Life of Eleanor Roosevelt.  New York: Powerkids Press, 1999. 

Faber, Doris.  Eleanor Roosevelt, First Lady of the World.  New York: Puffin Books, 1986.

Freedman, Russell.  Eleanor Roosevelt: A Life of Discovery.  New York: Clarion Books, 1993.

Freedman, Russell.  Eleanor Roosevelt: A Life of Discovery.  Prince Frederick, MD: Recorded Books, 1997. 
Goodsell, Jane.  Eleanor Roosevelt. New York:  Crowell, 1970.

Jacobs, William Jay.  Eleanor Roosevelt: A Life of Happiness and Tears.  New York: Coward-McCann, 1983.   

Johnson, Ann Donegan.  The Value of Caring:  The Story of Eleanor Roosevelt.  La Jolla, Ca.: Value Communications, 1977.

Kulling, Monica.  Eleanor Everywhere: The Life of Eleanor Roosevelt.  New York: Random House, 1999.

Lazo, Caroline Evensen.  Eleanor Roosevelt.  New York: Dillon Press, 1993. 

McAuley, Karen.  Eleanor Roosevelt.  New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1987.

Morey, Eileen.  Eleanor Roosevelt.  San Diego, CA: Lucent Books, 1998.

Parks, Deborah A.  Eleanor Roosevelt: Freedom's Champion.  Alexandria, Va.: Time Life Education, 1999. 

Richards, Kenneth G.  Eleanor Roosevelt.  Chicago, Childrens Press, 1968. 

Roosevelt, Elliott.  Eleanor Roosevelt, with Love: A Centenary Remembrance.  New York: Dutton, 1984. 

Sabin, Francene.  Young Eleanor Roosevelt.  Mahwah, N.J.: Troll Associates, 1990.
Sandak, Cass R.  The Franklin Roosevelts.  New York: Crestwood House, 1992. 
Santow, Dan.  Anna Eleanor Roosevelt, 1884-1962.  New York: Children's Press, 1999. 

Seeber, Frances.  "Eleanor Roosevelt and Women in the New Deal: A Network of Friends."  Presidential Studies Quarterly, XX, no. 4, (Fall 1990): 707. 

Spangenburg, Ray.  Eleanor Roosevelt: A Passion to Improve.  New York: Facts on File, 1997.

Vercelli, Jane Anderson.  Eleanor Roosevelt.  New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1995. 

Weidt, Maryann N., and Lydia Anderson.  Stateswoman to the World: A Story about Eleanor Roosevelt.  Minneapolis: Carolrhoda Books, 1991. 

Weil, Ann.  Eleanor Roosevelt: Fighter for Social Justice.  New York: Aladdin Books, 1989. 

Westervelt, Virginia Veeder.  Here Comes Eleanor: A New Biography of Eleanor Roosevelt for Young People.  Greensboro, N.C.: Avisson Press, 1998.  

Whitney, Sharon.  Eleanor Roosevelt.  New York: F. Watts, 1982.

Winfield, Betty Houchin.  "The Legacy of Eleanor Roosevelt." Presidential Studies Quarterly XX, no. 4, (Fall 1990): 699. 

Winget, Mary.  Eleanor Roosevelt.  Minneapolis: Lerner Publications, 2001. 

Winner, David.  Eleanor Roosevelt: Defender of Human Rights and Democracy.  Milwaukee: Gareth Stevens Pub., 1991. 

Roosevelt, Anna Eleanor Roosevelt 

Elizabeth Virginia Wallace Truman (1885-1982)

Feinberg, Barbara Silberdick. Bess Wallace Truman 1885-1982. New York: Children's Press, 1998.

Sandak, Cass R. The Trumans. New York: Crestwood House, 1992.

Truman, Elizabeth Virginia Wallace

Mamie Geneva Doud Eisenhower (1896-1979) 

Moen, Christian Harlan.  "Mamie's Purse." Smithsonian 32, no. 6 (Sept.
2001): 28-30. 

Sandak, Cass R.  The Eisenhowers.  New York: Crestwood House, 1993. 

Sinnott, Susan.  Mamie Doud Eisenhower, 1896-1979.  New York: Children's Press, 2000. 

Eisenhower, Marie (Mamie) Geneva Doud 

Jacqueline Lee Bouvier Kennedy Onassis (1929-1994) 

Adams, Cindy.  "Jackie In Crisis." The Ladies' Home Journal CXI, no. 5 (May 1994): 70.  

Hawes, Esme.  The Life and Times of Jackie Onassis.  Philadelphia: Chelsea House, 1997. 
Santow, Dan.  Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis, 1929-1994.  Danbury, CT: Children's Press, 1998.   

(Onassis) Kennedy, Jacqueline Lee Bouvier 

Claudia (Lady Bird) Taylor Johnson (1912- ) 

"First Ladies - From Running the White House to Caring for Her Ailing
Husband, Lady Bird Johnson Showed Enormous Strength and Tenderness."   People Weekly (January 1, 2000): 109.

Flynn, Jean.  Lady: A Biography of Claudia Alta (Lady Bird) Johnson, Texas' First Lady.  Austin, Tex.: Eakin Press, 1992. 
Gould, Lewis L. Lady Bird Johnson: Our Environmental First Lady.  Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1999.

Horwitz, Margot.  Claudia Taylor (Lady Bird) Johnson, 1912-. New York: Children's Press, 1998.

Lady Bird: One of the Most Influential and Admired First Ladies.  Alexandria, Va.]: PBS Home Video, 2001. 

Mezzack, Janet L.  "Without Manners You Are Nothing": Lady Bird Johnson, Eartha Kitt, and the Women Doers' Luncheon of January 18, 1968." Presidential Studies Quarterly XX, no. 4 (Fall 1990): 745. 

Sandak, Cass R.  The Lyndon Johnsons.  New York: Crestwood House, 1993. 
Simon, Charnan.  Lady Bird Johnson: Making our Neighborhoods Beautiful.  New York: Children's Press, 1998. 

Smith, Nancy Kegan.  "Private Reflections on a Public Life: The Papers on Lady Bird Johnson at the LBJ Library." Presidential Studies Quarterly XX, no. 4 (Fall 1990): 737. 

Johnson, Claudia Alta (Lady Bird) Taylor 

Thelma (Patricia) Ryan Nixon (1912-1993)

Feinberg, Barbara Silberdick. Patricia Ryan Nixon, 1912-1993. New York: Children's Press, 1998.

Sandak, Cass R. The Nixons. New York: Crestwood House, 1992.

Nixon, Thelma Catherine (Pat) Ryan

Elizabeth Bloomer Ford (1918- ) 

Borrelli, Maryanne.  "Competing Conceptions of the First Ladyship: Public Responses to Betty Ford's 60 Minutes Interview." Presidential Studies Quarterly 31 no. 3 (Sept. 2001): 397-414. 

"First Ladies - Though Reluctant to Occupy the White House, Betty Ford Turned into One of America's Most Influential First Ladies."  People Weekly (May 15, 2000): 169. 

Santow, Dan. Elizabeth Bloomer Ford, 1918-.  New York: Children's Press, 2000.   

Tobin, Leesa E.  "Betty Ford as First Lady: A Woman for Women." Presidential Studies Quarterly XX, no. 4 (Fall 1990): 761. 

Ford, Elizabeth (Betty) Bloomer (Warren) 

Rosalynn Smith Carter (1927- ) 

Carter, Rosalynn E. First Lady from Plains.  Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1984.
"First Ladies - In Triumph, Defeat and Good Works, Rosalynn Carter Remains an Equal Partner to Her Jimmy."  People Weekly (June 12, 2000): 14. 
Jensen, Faye Lind.  "An Awesome Responsibility: Rosalynn Carter as First Lady." Presidential Studies Quarterly XX, no. 4 (Fall 1990): 769. 

Rogers, Jan Faulk.  First Lady: Rosalynn Carter.  Chicago: Childrens Press, 1978. 

Sandak, Cass R.  The Carters.  New York: Toronto: Crestwood House, 1993. 

Smith, Kathy B. "The First Lady Represents America: Rosalynn Carter in South America." Presidential Studies Quarterly v. 27 (Summer 1997): 540-548.

Turk, Ruth.  Rosalynn Carter: Steel Magnolia.  New York: Franklin Watts, 1997. 

Carter, Rosalynn Eleanor Smith 

Anne Frances (Nancy) Davis Reagan (1921- )
Benze, James G. "Nancy Reagan: China Doll or Dragon Lady?" Presidential Studies Quarterly XX, no. 4 (Fall 1990): 777. 

Sandak, Cass R.  The Reagans.  New York: Crestwood House, 1993. 

Wheeler, Jill C. Nancy Reagan.  Edina, Minn.: Abdo & Daughters, 1991. 

Reagan, Anne Frances (Nancy) Davis 

Barbara Pierce Bush (1925- ) 

"At the Dedication of Her Husband's Library, Nancy Reagan Hosted
Barbara Bush and Four Former First Ladies, All in Fine Fettle."  People Weekly 36, no. 19 (November 18, 1991): 152-153.
Behrens, June.  Barbara Bush: First Lady of Literacy.  Chicago: Childrens Press, 1990.

Blue, Rose, and Corinne Naden.  Barbara Bush, First Lady.  Hillside, NJ:  Enslow Publishers, 1991. 

"First Ladies - Called the 'Ultimate Lion Mother' by Her Son George W, Barbara Bush May Have Been the Modern Era's Most Popular First Lady".  People Weekly (October 23, 2000): 131. 

Greenberg, Judith. E.  Barbara Pierce Bush, 1925-.  New York: Children's
Press, 1999. 

Heiss, Arleeen McGrath.  Barbara Bush.  New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1992. 

Sandak, Cass R. The Bushes. New York: Crestwood House, 1991. 

Sansevere-Dreher, Diane. Barbara Bush.  New York: Bantam Skylark Book, 1991. 

Spies, Karen Bornemann.  Barbara Bush: Helping America Read. New York: Crestwood House, 1991.
Szegedy-Maszak, Marianne.  "Hiding her Light under a George Bush." Los Angeles v. 40 (Oct. 1995): 26. 

Wallner, Rosemary.  Barbara Bush. Edina, Minn.: Abdo & Daughters, 1991.  

Bush, Barbara Pierce 

Hillary Rodham Clinton (1947- ) 

Bach, Julie S.  Hillary Rodham Clinton.  Edina, Minn.: Abdo & Daughters, 


Boyd, Aaron.  First Lady: The Story of Hillary Rodham Clinton.  Greensboro: Morgan Reynolds, 1994.


Brown, M.E. and D. C. Gardetto.  "Representing Hillary Rodham Clinton: Gender, Meaning, and News Media." Communication Abstracts 24, no. 1 (2001): 3-147.


Burrell, Barbara C. "Hillary Rodham Clinton as First Lady: The People's Perspective." The Social Science Journal v. 37, no. 4 (2000): 529-546. 

Eliot, Chip.  The Clintons: Meet the First Family.  [Mahwah, N.J.]: Watermill Press, 1994.

First Ladies and the Fourth Estate: Media Coverage of Hillary Clinton and Elizabeth Dole in the 1996 Presidential Campaign."  Communication Abstracts 22, no. 3 (1999). 


Greenberg, Keith Elliot.  Bill & Hillary, the Clintons: Working Together in the White House.  Woodbridge, CT: Blackbirch Press, 1994.


Guernsey, JoAnn Bren. Hillary Rodham Clinton, A New Kind of First Lady.   Minneapolis: Lerner Publications, 1993.


"Hillary Clinton and Barbara Bush: Who Will Be First Lady?" The Ladies' Home Journal CIX, no. 10 (October 1992): 125. 


Kent, Deborah.  Hillary Rodham Clinton: 1947-.  New York: Children's Press, 1998.


Kozar, Richard.  Hillary Rodham Clinton.  Philadelphia: Chelsa House, 2000.


LeVert, Suzanne.  Hillary Rodham Clinton, First Lady.  Brookfield, CT.: Millbrook Press, 1994. 

Loewen, Nancy.  Hillary Rodham Clinton.  Mankato, MN: Creative Education, 1997.

Marton, Kati.  "The Once and Future Hillary." Time 153 no. 2 (Jan. 18 1999): 36-37.  


"McLellan, Diana.  "What Hillary's Learned." The Ladies' Home Journal CX, no. 8  (August 1993): 118.  


Milton, Joyce.  The First Partner Hillary Rodham Clinton.  Grand Haven, MI.: Brilliance Audio, 1999. 


Milton, Joyce.  The Story of Hillary Rodham Clinton: First Lady of the United States.  Milwaukee, Wis.: Gareth Stevens Pub., 1995.


Sherrow, Victoria.  Hillary Rodham Clinton.  New York: Dillon Press, 1993.


Spain, Valerie.  Meet Hillary Rodham Clinton.  New York: Random House, 1994.


Stacey, T.J.  Hillary Rodham Clinton: Activist First Lady. Hillside, N.J.: Enslow Publishers, 1994. 


Watson, Robert P. "A Review Essay: Hillary's Legacy? Recent Literature on the First Lady." The Social Science Journal v. 37, no. 4 (2000): 653-538. 

American Presidency: Hillary Rodham Clinton.  Grolier Interactive Inc.     


Clinton, Hillary Diane Rodham.  National First Ladies' Library.



Laura Welch Bush  (1946-  )


Hollandsworth, Skip.  "Reading Laura Bush." Texas Monthly v. 24 (Nov. 1996):  120-121. 


Stone, Tanya Lee.  Laura Welch Bush, First Lady.  Brookfield, CT.: Millbrook Press, 2001.


Watson, Robert P.  Laura Bush: The Report to the First Lady.  Huntington, N.Y.: Nova History Publications, 2001.

 Bush, Laura Welch 

Presidential First Ladies